In accordance with the National Policy of Education (1986), Government of India started Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (JNVs). Presently, the JNVs are spread in 27 States and 7 Union Territories. These are co-educational residential schools fully financed and administered by Government of India through an autonomous organisation, Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti.
Admission in JNVs are made through the Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Selection Test (JNVST) at Class VI. The medium of instruction in JNVs is the mother tongue or regional language up to class VIII and English thereafter for Maths, Science and Hindi for Social Science. Students of the JNVs appear for X and XII Class examinations of the Central Board of Secondary Education. While education in the schools is free completely, a nominal fee of Rs. 200/- per month is collected from the children from IX to XII Class.
However, children belonging to SC/ST, Girls, Physically Handicapped and from the families whose income is below poverty line are exempted from the payment of fees.